[7], The opera celebrated its 100th performance in November 1792, though Mozart did not have the pleasure of witnessing this milestone, as he had died 5 December 1791. Tamino, a handsome prince lost in a distant land, is pursued by a serpent and asks the gods to save him (aria: "Zu Hilfe! He was buried in an Ehrengrab in the Waldfriedhof Zehlendorf, Berlin. "[29], The opera begins with the overture, which Mozart composed last.[30]. The priests grant his request for a glass of wine and he expresses his desire for a wife. (2004). The priests celebrate Tamino's successes so far, and pray that he will succeed and become worthy of their order (Chorus: "O Isis und Osiris"). Ein schwerer Fluch lastet auf Allie Jamison, einer alten Bekannten der drei ??? (Redirected from Die Flut (opera)) Blacher, in a passport photo of 1922 Boris Blacher (19 January [ O.S. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press. Papageno returns and announces to Pamina that her mother has sent Tamino to save her. [citation needed]. In this opera, the Queen of the Night persuades Prince Tamino to rescue her daughter Pamina from captivity under the high priest Sarastro; instead, he learns the high ideals of Sarastro's community and seeks to join it. Media in category "Wir sind die Flut" The following 3 files are in this category, out of 3 total. [10], As Branscombe documents, the earlier performances were often of highly altered, sometimes even mutilated, versions of the opera (see Ludwig Wenzel Lachnith). Hm! Three ladies who work for the Queen of the Night come and kill the monster. She leaves. Together they reflect on the joys and sacred duties of marital love (duet: "Bei Männern welche Liebe fühlen"). His students include Aribert Reimann, Isang Yun, Maki Ishii, Fritz Geißler, Giselher Klebe, Heimo Erbse, Richard Aaker Trythall,[1] Klaus Huber, Francis Burt [de], Gottfried von Einem, Kalevi Aho and Richard Wernick. Zu Hilfe!" Thus, the vocal lines for Papageno—sung by Schikaneder himself—and Monostatos (Johann Joseph Nouseul) are often stated first in the strings so the singer can find his pitch, and are frequently doubled by instruments. [15][16][17] Schikaneder and Mozart were Freemasons, as was Ignaz Alberti, engraver and printer of the first libretto. The opera was premiered in Vienna on 30 September 1791 at the suburban Freihaus-Theater auf der Wieden. But they are intercepted and detained by Monostatos. "I have this moment returned from the opera, which was as full as ever", he wrote on 7 October, listing the numbers that had to be encored. Pamina is brought in and Sarastro instructs Pamina and Tamino to bid each other farewell before the greater trials ahead, alarming them by describing it as their "final farewell". Sarastro announces the sun's triumph over the night, and hails the dawn of a new era of wisdom and brotherhood. Hm!"). = Madame, Mrs.; "Mlle." Mozart was a close friend of one of the singer-composers of the troupe, tenor Benedikt Schack (the first Tamino), and had contributed to the compositions of the troupe, which were often collaboratively written. The Magic Flute (German: Die Zauberflöte, pronounced [ˈdiː ˈt͡saʊ̯bɐˌfløːtə] ()), K. 620, is an opera in two acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart to a German libretto by Emanuel Schikaneder.The work is in the form of a Singspiel, a popular form during the time it was written that included both singing and spoken dialogue. The vocal ranges of two of the original singers for whom Mozart tailored his music have posed challenges for many singers who have since recreated their roles. Solomon continues: Mozart's delight is reflected in his last three letters, written to Constanze, who with her sister Sophie was spending the second week of October in Baden. But before the conspirators can enter the temple, they are magically cast out into eternal night. [20] Still others see the Roman Catholic Church itself, which was strongly anti-Masonic. Pamina begs Sarastro to forgive her mother and he reassures her that revenge and cruelty have no place in his domain (Aria: "In diesen heil'gen Hallen"). Pamina enters and declares her intention to undergo the remaining trials with him. They give Papageno magic bells for protection, telling him to go with Tamino. [a] The work premiered on 30 September 1791 at Schikaneder's theatre, the Freihaus-Theater auf der Wieden in Vienna, just two months before the composer's premature death. Note: In order to preserve the continuity of Pamina's suicidal feelings, this trio is sometimes performed earlier in act 2, preceding or immediately following Sarastro's aria "O Isis und Osiris". According to the instrument classification of Hornbostel–Sachs, flutes are categorized as edge-blown aerophones. The Queen is not pleased. Papageno enters dressed as a bird. Flute, French flûte, German Flöte, wind instrument in which the sound is produced by a stream of air directed against a sharp edge, upon which the air breaks up into eddies that alternate regularly above and below the edge, setting into vibration the air enclosed in the flute. [h][33] Tamino declares that he is ready to be tested. He falls down in a faint. Jedenfalls ist sie davon überzeugt. Dreharbeiten zu "Wir sind die Flut" in Erkelenz..jpg 2,592 × 1,401; 1.3 MB Some works of literature current in Vienna in Schikaneder's day that may have served as sources include the medieval romance Yvain by Chrétien de Troyes, the novel Life of Sethos by Jean Terrasson, and the essay "On the mysteries of the Egyptians" by Ignaz von Born. Nikolaus Simrock published this text in the first full-score edition (Bonn, 1814), claiming that it was "in accordance with Mozart's own wishes" (Allgemeine musikalische Zeitung, 13 September 1815). The three ladies suddenly reappear and instead of giving Papageno wine, cake and figs, they give him water, a stone and place a padlock over his mouth as a warning not to lie. Both of these historic recordings have been reissued on modern recording media. Together Tamino and Papageno set forth (Quintet: "Hm! D'Nike Fuhrmann, gebuer den 11.September 1974 zu München, ass eng däitsch Schauspillerin déi haaptsächlech an Televisiounsfilmer matspillt. Sarastro tells the priests that Tamino is ready to undergo the ordeals that will lead to enlightenment. He announces that Tamino must undergo trials of wisdom in order to become worthy as Pamina's husband. At the low end, the part of Sarastro, premiered by Franz Xaver Gerl, includes a conspicuous F2 in a few locations. Es gibt nur einen Weg zum Gegenmittel: Justus, … August 2011 veröffentlicht. Acta Musicologica. The Magic Flute (German: Die Zauberflöte, pronounced [ˈdiː ˈt͡saʊ̯bɐˌfløːtə] (listen)), K. 620, is an opera in two acts by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart to a German libretto by Emanuel Schikaneder. She explains that her husband was the previous owner of the temple and on his deathbed, gave the ownership to Sarastro instead of her, rendering the Queen powerless (this is in the original libretto, but is usually omitted from modern productions, to shorten the scene with Pamina and her mother). He was accused of writing degenerate music and lost his teaching post at the Dresden Conservatory. The child-spirits restrain her and reassure her of Tamino's love. Tamino begins to play the flute, which summons Pamina. The ladies introduce three child-spirits, who will guide Tamino and Papageno to Sarastro's temple. The three ladies appear and try to frighten Tamino and Papageno into speaking. There is then a scene change without interrupting the music, leading into Scene 8. Prince Tamino has got lost in the forest and now finds himself in a country which is ruled by the Queen of the Night. Besonders die Charaktere in der Geschichte rissen das Buch als solches nach unten, weil sie fast alle bis auf ein/zwei, entweder quasi durch die Bank von unsympathisch bis unausstehlich sind (z.B. Kommissar Harmsen, Andreas & Martina, Nachbar Feldmann), oder mindestens zu flach ausgearbeitet, wenn sie denn mal leichte Merkmale zur Identifizierung aufweisen (z.B. Monostatos tells Sarastro that he caught Papageno and Pamina trying to escape, and demands a reward. (The old priest is referred to as "The Speaker" in the libretto, but his role is a singing role.) The casting of the roles relies on the actual vocal range of the part. Chailley, Jacques (1992). Unlike woodwind instruments with reeds, a flute is an aerophone or reedless wind instrument that produces its sound from the flow of air across an opening. His career was interrupted by National Socialism. Blacher was married to the pianist Gerty Blacher-Herzog [de]. Charles Rosen has remarked on the character of Mozart's orchestration: Die Zauberflöte has the greatest variety of orchestral color that the eighteenth century was to know; the very lavishness, however, is paradoxically also an economy as each effect is a concentrated one, each one—Papageno's whistle, the Queen of the Night's coloratura, the bells, Sarastro's trombones, even the farewell in Scene I for clarinets and pizzicato strings—a single dramatic stroke. Heartened by the news that Pamina is alive, Tamino begins playing his flute; it reveals its magical properties by bringing the forest to life. Animals appear again and dance in the sun. The Sound Four were at some point forced to accept Kimimaro as their leader, who easily defeated them all in battle and, because of his Shikotsumyaku abilities, was slated to be Orochimaru's next host body. Separately, then together, Tamino and Pamina undergo severe trials of initiation, which end in triumph, with the Queen and her cohorts vanquished. The priests declare that virtue and righteousness will sanctify life and make mortals like gods ("Wenn Tugend und Gerechtigkeit"). Die feurige Flut ist der 148. Einzig wenige besonders gottesfürchtige Personen entkamen der Katastrophe. She hands him the magic flute to help them through the trials ("Tamino mein, o welch ein Glück!"). = Herr, Mr.; "Mme." Pamina, he says, must be guided by a man. Pamina is dragged in by Sarastro's slaves, apparently having tried to escape. (Quintet: "Wie, wie, wie") Papageno cannot resist answering the ladies, but Tamino remains aloof, angrily instructing Papageno not to listen to the ladies' threats and to keep quiet. The Queen of the Night appears and promises Tamino that Pamina will be his if he rescues her from Sarastro (Recitative and aria: "O zittre nicht, mein lieber Sohn" / Oh, tremble not, my dear son!). Die Flut ist ein Lied des Neue-Deutsche-Härte-Sängers Joachim Witt in Kooperation mit dem deutschen Synthie-Pop-Musiker Peter Heppner. On the reception of the opera, Mozart scholar Maynard Solomon writes: Although there were no reviews of the first performances,[6] it was immediately evident that Mozart and Schikaneder had achieved a great success, the opera drawing immense crowds and reaching hundreds of performances during the 1790s.[7]. The traitorous Monostatos appears with the Queen of the Night and her three ladies. [4] Mozart conducted the orchestra,[c] Schikaneder himself played Papageno, while the role of the Queen of the Night was sung by Mozart's sister-in-law Josepha Hofer. But he refuses to return her to her mother, whom he describes as a proud, headstrong woman, and a bad influence on those around her. Blacher wrote the libretto for Gottfried von Einem's operas Dantons Tod (1947) and Der Prozeß (1953). Monostatos returns and tries to force Pamina's love by threatening to reveal the Queen's plot, but Sarastro enters and drives him off. Papageno plays his magic bells, and Monostatos and his slaves begin to dance, and exit the stage, still dancing, mesmerised by the beauty of the music (chorus: "Das klinget so herrlich"). The arrival of the Queen of the Night. Papageno rushes to embrace her, but the priests drive him back, telling him that he is not yet worthy of her. He tells Tamino that Sarastro is benevolent, not evil, and that he should not trust the Queen of the Night. The three child-spirits hail the dawn. Papageno, sent ahead by Tamino to help find Pamina, enters (Trio: "Du feines Täubchen, nur herein!"). The history of the flute and flute-playing. They give Tamino a magic flute which has the power to change sorrow into joy. The two lovers see one another for the first time and embrace, causing indignation among Sarastro's followers. [3] Especially for the role of Papageno, the libretto draws on the Hanswurst tradition of the Viennese popular theatre. Papageno is frightened and asks Pamina what they should say. Like The Magic Flute, Der Stein der Weisen was a fairy-tale opera and can be considered a kind of precursor; it employed much the same cast in similar roles. [25][26], While the female roles in the opera are assigned to different voice types, the playbill for the premiere performance referred to all of the female singers as "sopranos". [21], The names of the performers at the premiere are taken from a preserved playbill for this performance (at right), which does not give full names; "Hr." Since then there have been many recordings, in both audio and video formats.[36][37]. On 28 December 1791, three and a half weeks after Mozart's death, his widow Constanze offered to send a manuscript score of The Magic Flute to the electoral court in Bonn. Mozart's participation increased with his contributions to the 1790 collaborative opera Der Stein der Weisen (The Philosopher's Stone), including the duet ("Nun liebes Weibchen", K. 625/592a) among other passages. It also requires a four-part chorus for several numbers (notably the finales of each act). Als Gründe für die Sintflut nennen die Sintflut-Erzählungen meist den Zorn Gottes/der Götter über die Verfehlungen der Menschheit. He went to hear his opera almost every night, taking along [friends and] relatives. Papageno and Pamina enter, searching for Tamino (trio: "Schnelle Füße, rascher Mut"). Boris Blacher (19 January [O.S. 76 (2): 193–219. Irina Korschunow (31 December 1925 – 31 December 2013) was a German writer. Fall der drei Fragezeichen. (chorus: "Es lebe Sarastro!"). "Der König in Thule" ("The King in Thule") is a German poem by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, written in 1774. Sarastro receives her kindly and assures her that he wishes only for her happiness. He died in Berlin in 1975, aged 72. In ensembles, Mozart skillfully combined voices of different ability levels. As Mozart's letters show, he was very pleased to have achieved such a success. = Mademoiselle, Miss. [35], The first complete recording of The Magic Flute was of a live performance at the 1937 Salzburg Festival, with Arturo Toscanini conducting the Vienna Philharmonic and Vienna State Opera, though the recording was not issued until many years later. They find the unconscious prince extremely attractive, and each of them tries to convince the other two to leave. segued into trio: "Stirb, Ungeheuer, durch uns're Macht!"). [12][13], The Magic Flute is noted for its prominent Masonic elements,[14] although some scholars hold that the Masonic influence is exaggerated. The first studio recording of the work, with Sir Thomas Beecham conducting the Berlin Philharmonic, was completed in 1938. In the anime, the Sound Four were originally prisoners of Orochimaru, forced to fight other prisoners to the death in battle royales. Many scholars also acknowledge an influence of Freemasonry.[b]. This recitation takes the musical form of a Baroque chorale prelude, to a tune inspired by Martin Luther's hymn "Ach Gott, vom Himmel sieh darein" (Oh God, look down from heaven). An old woman enters and offers Papageno a cup of water. The opera has inspired a great number of sequels, adaptations, novels, films, and other works of art. 6 January] 1903 – 30 January 1975) was a German composer and librettist. Scene 3: A grove in front of a temple, Scene 2: The courtyard of the Temple of Ordeal, Scene 9: A rocky landscape outside the temple; night, Der, welcher wandert diese Strasse voll Beschwerden, The genre of the work is hard to specify. Mozart also called for a stromento d'acciaio (instrument of steel) to perform Papageno's magic bells. Title Johann Joachim Quantzens, Königl. Papageno despairs at having lost Papagena and decides to hang himself (Aria/Quartet: "Papagena! Monostatos brings in Tamino. Pamina and Papageno hear Tamino’s flute and hasten to find him. However, it is in the public domain in Canada (where IMSLP is hosted) and other countries where the term is life-plus-50 years (such as China, Japan, Korea and many others worldwide).